Agent Name

Sodium amide

CAS Number




Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds


Sodamide; [ChemIDplus] UN1390


Other Nitrogen Compounds


Solid; Commercial form is white to olive-green; Quickly absorbs water and carbon dioxide from atmosphere; [Merck Index] White solid with an odor of ammonia; [Hawley] Grey powder or granules with an ammoniacal odor; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]


Used as a dehydrating agent, in ammonolysis reactions, in Claisen condensations, and for alkylation of nitriles and ketones; Also used to make indigo, hydrazine, ethynyl compounds, acetylenic carbinols, and sodium cyanide; [Merck Index]


Emergency treatment: "Corrosives- alkaline"; [HSDB] Reacts violently with water producing sodium hydroxide and ammonia; Oxidation products after air exposure may be highly explosive; A severe skin, eye, and mucous membrane irritant; [Merck Index] A strong reducing agent; An explosive peroxide may be produced on storage; May cause caustic burns to skin and eyes; [CAMEO] Reacts violently with water evolving highly flammable gases; Explosive on contact with oxidizing substances; A highly corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Alkali metal amides."

Flammability (NFPA)

3: May ignite at ambient temperature

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis



Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information


Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.