Agent Name

Sodium amide

CAS Number

7782-92-5

Formula

H2-N-Na

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

Sodamide; [ChemIDplus] UN1390

Category

Other Nitrogen Compounds

Description

Solid; Commercial form is white to olive-green; Quickly absorbs water and carbon dioxide from atmosphere; [Merck Index] White solid with an odor of ammonia; [Hawley] Grey powder or granules with an ammoniacal odor; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used as a dehydrating agent, in ammonolysis reactions, in Claisen condensations, and for alkylation of nitriles and ketones; Also used to make indigo, hydrazine, ethynyl compounds, acetylenic carbinols, and sodium cyanide; [Merck Index]

Comments

Emergency treatment: "Corrosives- alkaline"; [HSDB] Reacts violently with water producing sodium hydroxide and ammonia; Oxidation products after air exposure may be highly explosive; A severe skin, eye, and mucous membrane irritant; [Merck Index] A strong reducing agent; An explosive peroxide may be produced on storage; May cause caustic burns to skin and eyes; [CAMEO] Reacts violently with water evolving highly flammable gases; Explosive on contact with oxidizing substances; A highly corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Alkali metal amides."

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.