Agent Name

Sodium bromate

CAS Number

7789-38-0

Formula

Br-O3.Na

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Bromate de sodium [French]; Bromic acid, sodium salt; Dyetone; Neutralizer K-126; Neutralizer K-140; Neutralizer K-938; [ChemIDplus] UN1494

Category

Halogens, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Colorless or white odorless solid; [Merck Index] White odorless powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as analytical reagent; for dissolving gold from its ores (mixed with sodium bromide); for boiler cleaning; for oxidation of sulfur and vat dyes; in hair treatment formulations; [HSDB]

Comments

An oxidizer; Fire hazard near organic materials; [Hawley] A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; Toxicity is similar to that of chlorates; Can cause deafness and CNS depression; Acute renal failure occurs in most poisoning cases; Estimated lethal dose is 200-500 mg/kg; [HSDB] A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; "The substance may cause effects on the kidneys and nervous system when ingested, resulting in renal failure, respiratory depression, hearing loss and peripheral neuropathy. The effects may be delayed." [ICSC] After ingestion in suicide cases, patients may have anemia from intravascular hemolysis; A strong oxidizing agent; May ignite combustible materials; Heat or contamination my cause to explode; [CAMEO] An oxidizing agent; May cause fire on contact with combustible material; An irritant; [MSDSonline] See "Potassium bromate."

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

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