Agent Name

Sodium ethanolate

CAS Number

141-52-6

Formula

C2-H6-O.Na

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Caustic alcohol; Ethanol, sodium salt; Ethoxysodium; Ethyl alcohol, sodium salt; Sodium ethylate; [ChemIDplus] Sodium ethoxide; [MSDSonline] UN3206

Category

Metal Alkoxides

Description

White or yellowish hygroscopic solid; Decomposed by air and water; [Merck Index] Off-white powder with an odor of alcohol; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used in hair straighteners and to make other organic chemicals; [HSDB]

Comments

Reacts violently with water posing fire and explosion risk; Corrosive; [ICSC] Highly flammable; Reacts violently with water; May causes burns; [eChemPortal: ESIS] Reacts violently with water; A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Alkali metal alcoholates, self-heating, corrosive, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: