Agent Name

Sodium formate

CAS Number

141-53-7

Formula

C-H2-O2.Na

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

FORMIC ACID, NA SALT; Formic acid, sodium salt; Mravencan sodny [Czech]; Salachlor; Sodium formate, refined; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Organic Acids, Metal Salts

Description

White deliquescent solid; [Merck Index] White powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used in analytical chemistry as precipitant for noble metals, to buffer strong mineral acids to higher pH, for dyeing and printing fabrics, for tanning leather, and to make other organic chemicals; Also used as an electroplating agent, an acidulant in the textile industry, a reducing agent, a mordant, a complexing agent, and a therapeutic caustic and astringent; [HSDB] Used in photographic fixing baths; [CHEMINFO]

Comments

After ingestion of 3-4 gm/day, albuminuria and hematuria may occur; Also may cause cardiac depression and methemoglobinemia at high doses; [HSDB] Decomposed by heating forming carbon monoxide and hydrogen; An eye and respiratory tract irritant; [ICSC] High concentrations may cause respiratory tract irritation; Solutions may cause skin and eye irritation; [CHEMINFO] An irritant; [MSDSonline]

Adverse Effects
Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Anemia

Anemia, Hemolytic

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Processes

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