Agent Name

Sodium iodate

CAS Number

7681-55-2

Formula

I-O3.Na

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Iodic acid (HIO3), sodium salt; Iodic acid, sodium salt; Natriumjodat [German]; [ChemIDplus] UN1479

Category

Halogens, Inorganic Compounds

Description

White solid; [Hawley] White powder; ]MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as trace mineral additive in animal feeds and table salt; Also used as a disinfectant and antiseptic; [HSDB]

Comments

An oxidizing agent; Fire hazard near organic substances; [Hawley] Toxic to retina after injection in animal studies; Iodate salts cause liver injury, hemoglobinuria, and renal failure in high-dose animal studies; Have similar hemolytic potential to chlorate and bromate salts; Chronic dosing can produce iodism with rhinitis, skin rashes, weight loss, palpitations, tremors, and occasionally symptoms of Graves disease; [HSDB] Causes convulsions, retinal changes, and proteinuria in intravenous, lethal-dose animal studies; [RTECS] An oxidizing agent; May cause fire on contact with combustible material; An irritant; May cause skin and respiratory sensitization after prolonged contact; Effects in high-dose animal studies include convulsions; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Oxidizing solid, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Anemia

Anemia, Hemolytic

Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: