Agent Name

Sodium lauryl sulfate

CAS Number

151-21-3

Formula

C12-H26-O4-S.Na

Major Category

Other Uses

Synonyms

Akyposal SDS; Anticerumen; Aquarex ME; Aquarex methyl; Avirol 101; Avirol 118 conc; Berol 452; CP 75424; Carsonol SLS; Carsonol SLS Paste B; Carsonol SLS Special; Conco Sulfate WAG; Conco Sulfate WAN; Conco Sulfate WAS; Conco Sulfate WA; Conco Sulfate WA-1200; Conco Sulfate WA-1245; Conco Sulfate WN; Cycloryl 21; Cycloryl 31; Cycloryl 580; Cycloryl 585N; Dehydag Sulfate GL emulsion; Dehydag Sulphate GL emulsion; Detergent 66; Dodecyl alcohol, hydrogen sulfate, sodium salt; Dodecyl sodium sulfate; Dodecyl sulfate sodium; Dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt; Dreft; Dupanol WAQ; Duponal; Duponal WAQE; Duponol; Duponol C; Duponol ME; Duponol QC; Duponol QX; Duponol WA; Duponol WA Dry; Duponol WAQ; Duponol WAQA; Duponol WAQE; Duponol WAQM; Duponol methyl; EMAL 10; EMAL O; Emersal 6400; Empicol LPZ; Empicol LS 30; Empicol LX 28; Emulsifier No. 104; Finasol OSR(sub 2); Finasol OSR2; Gardinol; Hexamol SLS; Incronol SLS; Irium; Jordanol SL-300; Lanette Wax-S; Lauryl sodium sulfate; Lauryl sulfate, sodium salt; Laurylsiran sodny [Czech]; Lauyl sodium sulfate; Maprobix NEU; Maprofix 563; Maprofix LK; Maprofix NEU; Maprofix WAC; Maprofix WAC-LA; Melanol CL; Melanol CL 30; Monagen Y 100; Monododecyl sodium sulfate; Monogen Y 100; Montopol LA paste; NALS; Natrium laurylsulfuricum; Natriumlaurylsulfat; Neutrazyme; Nikkol SLS; Odoripon AL 95; Orvus WA paste; P and G emulsifier 104; Perklankrol ESD 60; Perlandrol L; Perlankrol L; Product No. 161; Product No. 75; Quolac EX-UB; Rewopol NLS 30; Richonol A; Richonol AF; Richonol C; SDS; SLS; Sinnopon LS 100; Sinnopon LS 95; Sintapon L; Sipex OP; Sipex SB; Sipex SD; Sipex SP; Sipex UB; Sipon LS; Sipon LS 100; Sipon LSB; Sipon PD; Sipon WD; Sodium dodecyl sulfate; Sodium dodecyl sulphate; Sodium dodecylsulfate; Sodium lauryl sulfate 30%; Sodium lauryl ether sulfate; Sodium lauryl sulfate, dental grade; Sodium lauryl sulphate; Sodium monododecyl sulfate; Sodium monolauryl sulfate; Sodium n-dodecyl sulfate; Sodiumlauryl ether sulfate; Solsol needles; Standapol 112 conc; Standapol WA-AC; Standapol WAQ; Standapol WAQ Special; Standapol WAS 100; Steinapol NLS 90; Stepanol ME; Stepanol ME Dry; Stepanol ME Dry AW; Stepanol T 28; Stepanol WA; Stepanol WA paste; Stepanol WA-100; Stepanol WAC; Stepanol WAQ; Stepanol methyl; Stepanol methyl dry AW; Sterling WA paste; Sterling WAQ-CH; n-Dodecyl sulfate sodium; Sulfuric acid monododecyl ester sodium salt; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Emulsifiers/Surfactants

Description

White or cream-colored solid; [Merck Index] White to pale yellow paste or liquid; [CAMEO] White powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as surface-active, emulsifying, foaming, wetting, and dispersing agent (emulsion polymerization, metal processing, detergents, home personal care products, foods, insecticides, medical preparations, and varnish and paint removers); Used in hair-dyes, electroplating (especially nickel and zinc), injection-molded explosives, solid rocket propellants, biochemical analysis, characterization of quaternary ammonium compounds, and toxicological testing; [HSDB] Used in many consumer personal care and cleaning products; [CHEMINFO]

Comments

A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; [ICSC] May cause allergic reactions and eye irritation; [HSDB] An eye irritant that may cause burns on extended exposure; [CAMEO] Found commercially as a solid (90-98% pure), paste (30-41%), or aqueous solution (28-50%); Solid is a severe skin and eye irritant, based on animal studies; Solutions cause irritation that increase with concentration; Not a skin sensitizer; [CHEMINFO] An eye and mild skin irritant; [eChemPortal: ERMA] An irritant; [MSDSonline]

Reference Link

Patch testing with the irritant sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) is useful in interpreting weak reactions to contact allergens as allergic or irritant.

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

4.7E-13 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) > 3,900 mg/m3/1h

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: