Agent Name

Sodium phenolate

Alternative Name

Phenol sodium salt

CAS Number

139-02-6

Formula

C6-H6-O.Na

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Phenol sodium salt; Phenol sodium; Phenol, sodium salt (solid); Phenolate sodium; Sodium carbolate; Sodium phenate; Sodium phenoxide; [ChemIDplus] UN2905

Category

Phenols

Description

Colorless solid; [Merck Index] White deliquescent solid; [Hawley] White to reddish deliquescent solid; [HSDB] Powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used to make antiseptics and salicylic acid; Used therapeutically as local disinfectant, in sclerosing solutions, as a sympatholytic, and in solution as veterinary disinfectant and topical pesticide; [HSDB]

Comments

A strong skin and tissue irritant; [Hawley] Causes spastic paralysis and seizures in subcutaneous lethal-dose testing of mice; [RTECS] Forms corrosive solution in air--highly irritating to skin and eyes; [CAMEO] Toxic by ingestion; >4.8 grams is lethal dose; [HSDB] A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; Effects in high-dose animal studies include convulsions and spastic paralysis; [MSDSonline] See "Phenol."

Reference Link

EPA Pesticide Chemical Search

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

2.6E-8 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Phenolates, solid."

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: