Agent Name

p-Nitrophenol sodium salt

CAS Number

824-78-2

Formula

C6-H5-N-O3.Na

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

4-Nitrophenol sodium salt; PNSP; Phenol, 4-nitro-, sodium salt; Phenol, p-nitro-, sodium salt; Sodium 4-nitrophenolate; Sodium 4-nitrophenoxide; Sodium nitrophenate; Sodium p-nitrophenate; Sodium p-nitrophenol; Sodium p-nitrophenolate; Sodium p-nitrophenoxide; para-Nitro sodium phenolate; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Nitrophenols

Description

Yellow solid; [HSDB] Dihydrate: Orange powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used to make parathion and methylparathion; [HSDB]

Comments

Causes somnolence in lethal-dose feeding studies and methemoglobinemia in inhalation studies of rats; [RTECS] Emergency treatment: "Phenol and related agents"; Causes methemoglobinemia and injury to liver and kidneys; [HSDB] Highly flammable; An irritant; [MSDSonline] See "4-Nitrophenol."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

4.0E-10 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) > 4,700 mg/m3

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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