Agent Name

Sorbic acid

CAS Number

110-44-1

Formula

C6-H8-O2

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

(E,E)-2,4-Hexadienoic acid; (E,E)-Sorbic acid; Sorbic acid; 1,3-Pentadiene-1-carboxylic acid, (E,E)-; 2,4-Hexadienoic acid, (E,E)-; 2,4-Hexadienoic acid, (E,E)-; 2,4-Hexadienoic acid; 2-Propenylacrylic acid; 2E,4E-Hexadienoic acid; Acetic acid, (2-butenylidene)-; Acetic acid, crotylidene-; E 200; Hexadienoic acid; Kyselina 1,3-pentadien-1-karboxylova [Czech]; Kyselina sorbova [Czech]; Panosorb; Sorbistat; alpha-trans-gamma-trans-Sorbic acid; trans,trans-Sorbic acid; trans-trans-2,4-Hexadienoic acid; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Organic Acids

Description

Colorless or white solid; [HSDB] White crystalline solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as mold and yeast inhibitor, fungistatic agent, and preservative (foods, tobacco, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and silk-screen inks); Also used in drying oils, in alkyd type coatings, to improve milling characteristics of cold rubber, to inhibit fermentation in wines, to impregnate polyethylene wrappers for raw farm products, and to improve growth stimulation of animal feeds; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; May cause skin sensitization; [ICSC] May cause skin and eye irritation; Emergency medical treatment: irritants; Sorbic acid 2.5% in petrolatum causes non-immunologic contact urticaria; [HSDB] Causes non-immunological contact urticaria; Kanerva, p. 218] No adverse reproductive effects in long-term studies of mice and rats; [REPROTOX] A severe irritant; [RTECS] An uncommon cause of allergic contact dermatitis; Causes contact urticaria in 58% of subjects tested; [Marks, p. 151, 355] A severe irritant; High concentrations may cause corrosive injuries to the skin, eyes, mucous membranes, and upper respiratory tract; [CAMEO] An irritant; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.13 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: