Agent Name

Stannic chloride

CAS Number

7646-78-8

Formula

Cl4-Sn

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Etain (tetrachlorure d') [French]; Libavius Fuming spirit; Stagno (tetracloruro di) [Italian]; Stannane, tetrachloro-; Stannic chloride, anhydrous; Stannic tetrachloride; Tetrachlorostannane; Tetrachlorotin; Tin Chloride (SnCl4); Tin tetrachloride, anhydrous; Tin chloride; Tin chloride (1:4); Tin chloride, fuming (DOT); Tin perchloride; Tin perchloride(DOT); Tin tetrachloride; Tin(IV) chloride; Tin(IV) tetrachloride; Tintetrachloride [Dutch]; Zinntetrachlorid [German]; [ChemIDplus] UN1827

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Fuming liquid; [Merck Index] Colorless or slightly yellow fuming liquid; [ICSC] Colorless or light yellow liquid with an acrid odor; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a mordant, catalyst, stabilizer for colors and perfumes in soap, antistatic agent for synthetic fabrics, and dehydrating agent in organic syntheses; Also used for tinning vessels, making ceramic coatings, dyeing fabrics, weighting silk, curing polymers, treating glass, and producing sensitized paper; [HSDB]

Comments

Respiratory symptoms were more common in hot end workers in a glass bottle manufacturing plant exposed to stannic chloride; [Reference #1] Produces substantial heat on contact with water; A strong eye and mucous membrane irritant; [Merck Index] Reacts violently with water or moist air forming hydrogen chloride; A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; [ICSC] A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; May cause burns on prolonged contact; [HSDB] Reacts with water producing hydrochloric acid and heat; Corrosive to tissue; [CAMEO] Forms hydrogen chloride on contact with moisture; May cause corrosive injuries to skin and eyes; [CHEMINFO] Corrosive to skin and eyes; [eChemPortal: ERMA] Can cause burns; [eChemPortal: ESIS] A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; [MSDSonline]

Reference Link

Respiratory symptoms among glass bottle makers exp... [J Occup Med. 1985] - PubMed result

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

2 mg/m3, as Sn

PEL (OSHA)

2 mg/m3, as Sn

Vapor Pressure

18 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 2,300 mg/m3/10min

Explanatory Notes

LC50 (rats) = 1,400 mg/m3/4h; [eChemPortal: IUCLID]

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

Activities

Activities with risk of exposure: