Agent Name

Glyphosate

CAS Number

1071-83-6

Formula

C3-H8-N-O5-P

Major Category

Pesticides

Synonyms

Gallup; Landmaster; Pondmaster; Ranger; Roundup; Rodeo; Touchdown; [EXTOXNET] CP 67573; Glyphosate; Glyphosphate; MON 2139; MON 6000; N-(Phosphonomethyl)glycine; Phosphonomethyliminoacetic acid; Roundup Max; Silglif; Glycine, N-(phosphonomethyl)-; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Herbicides, Other

Description

White solid; [Merck Index] Colorless solid; [ICSC]

Sources/Uses

A systemic herbicide commonly used for roadside and forest applications; [EXTOXNET]

Comments

An irritant to the eyes, skin, and upper respiratory tract; [EPA Pesticides] The following herbicides have an oral LD50 of >1 gm/kg and have little or no acute toxicity in humans: Alachlor, Amitrole, Ammonium sulfamate, Atrazine, Dalapon, Dicamba, Glyphosphate, Monuron, Oryzalin, Picloram, Propanil, Simazine, etc. [LaDou, p. 613] A severe eye and mild skin irritant; [ICSC] It was found not to be a skin sensitizer after extensive investigation. [Kanerva, p. 782] In the AHS [Agricultural Health Study], there was no association between glyphosate exposure and NHL . . . there is little evidence of biologic effects of glyphosate in humans; therefore, no clear biologic mechanism has been proposed. [Occupational Cancers, p. 505] See "Glyphosate isopropylamine salt."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

2.89E-10 mm Hg

Reference Link

EXTOXNET PIP - GLYPHOSATE

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

IARC Carcinogen

Probable Carcinogen

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: