Agent Name

Succinic anhydride

CAS Number

108-30-5

Formula

C4-H4-O3

Major Category

Plastics & Rubber

Synonyms

2,5-Diketotetrahydrofuran; 2,5-Furandione, dihydro-; Bernsteinsaure-anhydrid [German]; Butanedioic anhydride; Dihydro-2,5-furandione; Rikacid SA; Succinic acid anhydride; Succinyl anhydride; Succinyl oxide; Tetrahydro-2,5-dioxofuran; Tetrahydro-2,5-furandione; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Acid Anhydrides, Cyclic

Description

Colorless or light-colored solid; [Hawley] Odorless; [HSDB] White crystalline solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as an acidulant and dehydrating agent (food processing), cross-linking agent (epoxy resins and ion exchange membranes), and in gas and water treatment; Also used to make adhesives, paint drying oils, dyes, pharmaceuticals, esters, elastomers (cable coverings and extruded articles), hardeners for resins, starch modifiers in foods, succinylated monoglyceride food emulsifiers, silver haloid photographic emulsions, detergents, cosmetics, plant growth regulators, textiles, surface-active agents, lubricant additives, fire-retardants for paper, insect repellants, and herbicides; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; [HSDB] May cause blisters and burns to skin; [CAMEO] "The substance is severely irritating to the eyes and is irritating to the respiratory tract." [ICSC] An irritant (severe to eyes); [MSDSonline] See "ACID ANHYDRIDES."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.0015 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 157 deg C; [ICSC]

Adverse Effects
Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: