Agent Name

Tetraethyl tin

CAS Number

597-64-8

Formula

C8-H20-Sn

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Stannane, tetraethyl-; Tetraethylstannane; Tetraethyltin; Tin, tetraethyl-; [ChemIDplus] UN2788

Category

Tin Compounds, Organic

Description

Colorless liquid; [Hawley]

Sources/Uses

Used as catalyst for olefin polymerization and to produce other organotin compounds; [HSDB] Used as biocide, bactericide, fungicide, and insecticide; Also used as a preservative for wood, textiles, paper, and leather; Not registered with the EPA for use as a pesticide in the US; [CAMEO]

Comments

May ignite in air; A skin and eye irritant--may cause burns; A potent neurotoxin; Also toxic to the liver and immune system; Oral LD50 (rat) = 9-16 mg/kg; [HSDB] Tendency to ignite on reaction with air; Causes swelling of brain and spinal cord; [CAMEO] An irritant; Can be absorbed through skin; [MSDSonline] See "ORGANOMETALS." See "Tin, organic compounds."

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.1 mg/m3, as Sn

STEL (ACGIH)

0.2 mg/m3

PEL (OSHA)

0.1 mg/m3, as Sn

MAK

0.1 mg/m3

IDLH (NIOSH)

25 mg/m3, as Sn

Vapor Pressure

1.2 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 114 mg/m3

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Organotin compound, liquid, n.o.s." Organic tin compounds have a "skin" designation and are classified as "A4" (Not classifiable as human carcinogen); [ACGIH]

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

ACGIH Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: