Agent Name

Tri-n-butylaluminum

CAS Number

1116-70-7

Formula

C12-H27-Al

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Aluminum, tributyl-; Tributylaluminum; [ChemIDplus] UN3051

Category

Metals, Organic Compounds

Description

Colorless liquid; [HSDB] Colorless to pale yellow liquid; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

Used to make organo-tin compounds and as a catalyst for polyolefin plastics and synthetic rubbers; [HSDB] Organic aluminum compounds are "some of the most important, highest volume, highest value organometallic compounds in production." [Ullmann]

Comments

A strong reducing agent; May ignite on contact with moist air or water; Fumes in air; May cause burns to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes; Fumes hazardous by inhalation; [CAMEO] Pyrophoric; Reacts with water evolving flammable gas; [eChemPortal: ERMA] Organoaluminum compounds are corrosive; Harmful if absorbed through the skin or inhaled; The butyl alkyls and below are pyrophoric; Aluminum alkyls are eye irritants; [HSDB] Organic aluminum compounds can cause irritation or burns, depending upon concentration; [Ullmann] TLV withdrawn for aluminum alkyls because of inadequate toxicological data; [ACGIH] See "Aluminum." See "ORGANOMETALS."

Exposure Assessment
Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Aluminum alkyls."

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

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