Agent Name

Stibine

CAS Number

7803-52-3

Formula

H3-Sb

Major Category

Toxic Gases & Vapors

Synonyms

Antimony hydride; Antimony trihydride; Hydrogen antimonide; [NIOSH] UN2676

Category

Hydrides

Description

Colorless gas with a disagreeable odor like hydrogen sulfide; [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Stibine gas may be formed during battery overcharging or when antimony compounds come in contact with an acid plus a reducing substance such as zinc. Stibine is used as a dopant in the microelectronics industry. [ACGIH]

Comments

A few cases of occupational stibine poisoning have been reported. Like arsine, stibine is a hemolytic agent that also injures the kidneys and liver. [ACGIH] A respiratory tract irritant that may have effects on the blood (hemolysis), liver, kidneys, and CNS; [ICSC] Liquefied gas may cause burns or frostbite; [CAMEO] Animals exposed to lethal concentrations develop anemia, hemoglobinuria, and acute renal failure. [HSDB] See "Antimony" and linked occupational diseases.

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

TIH

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.1 ppm

PEL (OSHA)

0.1 ppm

IDLH (NIOSH)

5 ppm

Excerpts from Documentation for IDLHs

Other animal data: It has been reported that exposure of dogs and cats to 40 to 45 ppm for 1 hour has proven dangerous [Webster 1946].

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (mice) = 100 ppm/1H

Flammability (NFPA)

4: Burns readily

Adverse Effects
Anemia

Anemia, Hemolytic

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: