Agent Name

Triethyl citrate

CAS Number

77-93-0

Formula

C12-H20-O7

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid, triethyl ester; 1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-, triethyl ester; Citric acid, triethyl ester; Citroflex 2; Ethyl citrate; Eudraflex; Hydragen CAT; Triaethylcitrat [German]; Triethyl 2-hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylate; Triethylester kyseliny citronove [Czech]; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Other Organic Compounds

Description

Colorless liquid; [ICSC]

Sources/Uses

Used as plasticizer (cellulose acetate, cellulose nitrate, vinyl acetate, natural resins, and hair fixative finishing sprays), softener, agglutinant, perfume base, food emulsifier, and flavor preserving agent; Also used in paint removers and for treatment of bloat in ruminants; [HSDB]

Comments

Safe when used as a flavoring agent in food; [JECFA] Effects in lethal-dose studies include somnolence, ataxia, and convulsions; [RTECS] An eye and respiratory tract irritant; [ICSC] May cause irritation; Effects in high-dose animal studies include convulsions; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.00189 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 1,300 ppm/6h

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: