Agent Name

Triisopropanolamine

CAS Number

122-20-3

Formula

C9-H21-N-O3

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

1,1',1''-Nitrilotri-2-propanol; 1,1',1''-Nitrilotris(2-propanol); 2-Propanol, 1,1',1''-nitrilotri-; 2-Propanol, 1,1',1''-nitrilotris-; 3,3',3"-Nitrilotri(2-propanol); TIPA; Tri-2-propanolamine; Tri-iso-propanolamine; Tris(2-hydroxy-1-propyl)amine; Tris(2-hydroxypropyl)amine; Tris(2-propanol)amine; [ChemIDplus] UN3259

Category

Amines, Aliphatic

Description

White hygroscopic solid; [ICSC] Mild ammoniacal odor; [CAMEO] White waxy solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as an emulsifying agent, rubber cross-linking agent, corrosion inhibitor in metal working fluids, and surfactant; [HSDB] Used in cyanide-free zinc plating and in the rubber industry; [CHEMINFO] Used in coatings (cross-linker and stabilizer) and pesticides (neutralizer and stabilizer); [Reference #1]

Comments

A skin, respiratory tract, and severe eye irritant; [ICSC] A moderate skin and severe eye irritant in rabbits; No evidence of mutagenicity; [HSDB] An eye irritant; [eChemPortal: ESIS]

Reference Link

OECD SIDS: Isopropanolamines - 2009

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

1.86E-5 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Amines, solid, corrosive, n.o.s."

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: