Agent Name

Triphenyltin acetate

Alternative Name

Fentin acetate

CAS Number

900-95-8

Formula

C20-H18-O2-Sn

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

(Acetyloxy)triphenylstannane; Acetate de triphenyl-etain [French]; Acetato di stagno trifenile [Italian]; Acetatotriphenylstannane; Acetoxy-triphenyl-stannan [German]; Acetoxy-triphenylstannane; Acetoxytriphenyltin; Batasan; Brestan; Brestan 60; ENT 25208; Fenolovo acetate; Fentin acetaat [Dutch]; Fentin acetat [German]; Fentin acetate [BSI]; Fentin azetat [German]; Fentinacetat; Fentine acetate [French]; Fintin acetato [Italian]; GC 6936; HOE-2824; Liromatin; Lirostanol; OMS 1020; Phenostat A; Phentin acetate; Phentinoacetate; Stannane, (acetyloxy)triphenyl-; Stannane, acetoxytriphenyl-; Suzu; TPTA; Tin triphenyl acetate; Tin, acetoxytriphenyl-; Tinestan; Tinestan 60 WP; Tinestan WP 20; Tinestan WP 60; TPZA; Trifenil stagno acetato [Italian]; Trifenyl-tinacetaat [Dutch]; Triphenyl-zinnacetat [German]; Triphenylaceto stannane; Triphenylstannium acetate; Triphenyltin(IV) acetate; Tubotin; VP 19-40; [ChemIDplus] UN3146

Category

Tin Compounds, Organic

Description

Colorless solid; [HSDB] White solid; [CAMEO] White odorless solid; [INCHEM] White powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as an acaricide (miticide) and algaecide in rice and potato rot; [Ullmann] Used as fungicide on potatoes, sugar beets, and nuts; Not currently registered with the EPA for use in the US; [HSDB] Used as molluscicide; [CAMEO]

Comments

Animals given a single lethal dose have tremor, drowsiness, and ataxia; In other animal studies, has effects on the immune and reproductive systems; Workers who were patch tested in Italy had irritant, not allergic, contact dermatitis. [Reference #1] Converted by water to triphenyltin hydroxide; [HSDB] A skin irritant; [CAMEO] Generally has low toxicity, but may cause liver damage and injury to the immune and reproductive systems; Allergic skin reactions are common; Workers may report respiratory and mucosal irritation; [Reference #2] A skin and respiratory tract irritant; May cause serious eye injury; [eChemPortal: ESIS] An irritant; May cause serious eye injury; May cause skin sensitization; Can be absorbed through skin; [MSDSonline] See "ORGANOMETALS." See "Tin, organic compounds."

Restricted

Banned for use as a pesticide for plant protection and biocide in the EU; [eChemPortal: ESIS]

Reference Link

INCHEM: Triphenyltin Compounds (CICADS 13 - 1999)

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.1 mg/m3, as Sn

STEL (ACGIH)

0.2 mg/m3, as Sn

PEL (OSHA)

0.1 mg/m3, as Sn

MAK

0.002 mg/m3, inhalable fraction, as Sn

IDLH (NIOSH)

25 mg/m3, as Sn

Vapor Pressure

4.75E-7 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 44 - 69 mg/m3/4h

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Organotin compound, solid, n.o.s." Organic tin compounds have a "skin" designation and are classified as "A4" (Not classifiable as human carcinogen); [ACGIH]

Reference Link

INCHEM PIM: Triphenyltin acetate - 1994

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

ACGIH Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: