Agent Name

Triphenyltin chloride

Alternative Name

Fentin chloride

CAS Number

639-58-7

Formula

C18-H15-Cl-Sn

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Fentin chloride; Aquatin; Aquatin 20 EC; Brestanol; Chlorotriphenylstannane; Chlorotriphenyltin; GC 8993; General Chemicals 8993; HOE 2872; LS 4442; Phenostat-C; Stannane, chlorotriphenyl-; TPTC; Tinmate; Triphenylchlorostannane; Triphenylchlorotin; [ChemIDplus] UN3146

Category

Tin Compounds, Organic

Description

White solid; [HSDB]

Sources/Uses

Used as rodent repellent, molluscicide, fungicide, miticide, and insecticide; Not currently registered with the EPA for use in the US; [HSDB]

Comments

Hydrolyzed by water to triphenyltin hydroxide; [HSDB] An irritant; Can be absorbed through skin; [MSDSonline] Animals given a single lethal dose have tremor, drowsiness, and ataxia; In other animal studies, has effects on the immune and reproductive systems; [Reference #1] See "ORGANOMETALS." See "Tin, organic compounds."

Reference Link

INCHEM: Triphenyltin Compounds (CICADS 13 - 1999)

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.1 mg/m3, as Sn

STEL (ACGIH)

0.2 mg/m3, as Sn

PEL (OSHA)

0.1 mg/m3, as Sn

MAK

0.002 mg/m3, inhalable fraction, as Sn

IDLH (NIOSH)

25 mg/m3, as Sn

Vapor Pressure

5.48E-6 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Organotin compound, solid, n.o.s." Organic tin compounds have a "skin" designation and are classified as "A4" (Not classifiable as human carcinogen); [ACGIH]

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

ACGIH Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: