Agent Name

Sodium citrate, anhydrous

Alternative Name

Trisodium citrate

CAS Number

68-04-2

Formula

C6-H8-O7.3Na

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid, trisodium salt; 1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-, trisodium salt; Citnatin; Citreme; Citric acid, trisodium salt; Citrosodina; Citrosodine; Citrosodna; Natrocitral; Sodium citrate; Sodium citrate (Na3C6H5O7); Sodium citrate anhydrous; Trisodium 2-hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylate; Trisodium citrate, anhydrous; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Organic Acids, Metal Salts

Description

White solid; [ICSC]

Sources/Uses

Used as an emulsifier, acidulant, sequestrant, medication (expectorant, systemic alkalizer, diuretic, sudorific, and anticoagulant), and general purpose additive for foods; Also used in photography, detergents, and electroplating and to remove sulfur dioxide from smelter waste gases; [HSDB]

Comments

Emergency treatment: symptomatic drug ingestion; [HSDB] An eye and respiratory tract irritant; [ICSC] May cause irritation; [MSDSonline] See "Citric acid."

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: