Agent Name

Vanadium oxytrichloride

CAS Number

7727-18-6

Formula

Cl3-O-V

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Trichlorooxo vanadium; Trichlorooxovanadium; Vanadium chloride oxide (VOCl3); Vanadium monoxide trichloride; Vanadium oxide trichloride; Vanadium oxychloride; Vanadium trichloride monooxide; Vanadium trichloride monoxide; Vanadium trichloride oxide; Vanadium(V) oxytrichloride; Vanadium, trichlorooxo-; Vanadyl chloride; Vanadyl chloride (VOCl3); Vanadyl trichloride; [ChemIDplus] UN2443

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Yellow liquid; Fumes red in moist air; [Merck Index] Strong unpleasant odor; [HSDB] Yellow liquid with an odor of chlorine; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a catalyst in olefin polymerization (ethylene-propylene rubber), in organovanadium synthesis, and as a mordant in dyeing; [HSDB]

Comments

Decomposed by water forming vanadic acid (blood red in color) and hydrochloric acid; Oral LD50 (rat) = 0.14 g/kg; [Merck Index] A nose and throat irritant; A severe skin and eye irritant; [HSDB] Reacts with moist air producing fumes of vanadic and hydrochloric acids; Reacts exothermically with water forming acidic gases and solutions; Violently hygroscopic; Corrosive to tissue; [CAMEO] Reacts violently with water; A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; [MSDSonline] See "Vanadium."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

19.3 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

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Processes

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