Agent Name

Veratrum alkaloids

CAS Number

65072-04-0

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

Alkaloids, veratrum; Alkavervir; American hellebore; American veratrum; Green hellebore; Indian poke; Veratrum viride; Veratrum viride alkaloids extract; Veriloid; Vertavis; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Plant Toxins

Description

Light yellow solid; [HSDB]

Sources/Uses

Veratrum alkaloids include jervine, psuedojervine, rubijervine, cevadine, germitrine, germidine, veratralbine, and veratroidine; [Merck Index] Used to treat hypertension and as a herbal treatment for toxemia of pregnancy; Has been used in veterinary medicine for circulatory and gastrointestinal problems and as a parasiticide; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin and mucous membrane irritant; Excessive amounts can cause death by central respiratory depression; Emergency treatment: "Plants- veratrum alkaloids"; [HSDB] Veratrum alkaloids (e.g., black snakeroot, false hellebore, and skunk cabbage) cause gastroenteritis, bradycardia, paresthesias, and hypotension; [Olson, p. 335-48]

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

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Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Other Information

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