Agent Name

Zirconium oxychloride

Alternative Name

Zirconyl chloride

CAS Number

7699-43-6

Formula

Cl2-O-Zr

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Zirconium, dichloroxo-; Basic zirconium chloride; Chlorozirconyl; Dichlorooxozirconium; Zinc chloride oxide (ZnClO); Zirconium chloride oxide; Zirconium chloride oxide (ZrCl2O); Zirconium chloride oxide (ZrOCl2) (VAN); Zirconium chloride, basic; Zirconium oxide chloride (ZrOCl2); Zirconium oxydichloride; Zirconium, dichlorooxo-; Zirconyl chloride (VAN); Zirconyl chloride (ZrOCl2); Zirconyl chloride (ZrOCl2) (VAN); [ChemIDplus]

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

White solid; [HSDB] White or yellow odorless solid; [CAMEO] White to pale yellow crystalline lumps; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used to precipitate acid dyes, to prepare pigment toners, to improve properties of color lakes, and to make antiperspirants and other zirconium compounds; Also used as an additive (textiles, cosmetics, and grease), water repellent, and oil field acidizing aid; [HSDB]

Comments

Hydrolysis of this compound yields hydrochloric acid; [HSDB] A skin, eye, nose, and throat irritant; [CAMEO] Corrosive to skin and eyes; [eChemPortal: ERMA] An irritant; [MSDSonline] See "Zirconium."

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

5 mg/m3, as Zr

STEL (ACGIH)

10 mg/m3, as Zr

PEL (OSHA)

5 mg/m3, as Zr (compounds)

MAK

1 mg/m3, inhalable fraction (metal and insol. cmpds.)

IDLH (NIOSH)

25 mg/m3, as Zr

Adverse Effects
Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: