Agent Name

Anthracene

CAS Number

120-12-7

Formula

C14-H10

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Anthracen [German]; Anthracin; Green Oil; Paranaphthalene; Tetra Olive N2G; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Description

Colorless or yellow solid with weak aromatic odor; [HSDB] Pure form is colorless with violet fluorescence; If impure, is yellow with green fluorescence; [Merck Index] Colorless or yellow crystalline solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used to make dyestuffs (anthraquinone and alizarin dyes); Also used to make synthetic fibers and plastics and in semiconductor research; [HSDB] May be present in wood preservatives and pesticides; Occurs in coal tar volatiles, tobacco smoke, exhaust emissions, charcoal broiled meat smoke, edible oils, surface waters, waste waters, and lake sediments; [CHEMINFO]

Comments

A minor skin and respiratory tract irritant; [ICSC] Photosensitizing agent that may cause acute dermatitis; [HSDB] Minimal Risk Level (oral dose for 15-364 days) = 10 mg/kg/day (hepatic); [ATSDR] An irritant; May cause photosensitization; Effects in high-dose animal studies include fatty liver degeneration; [MSDSonline] See "POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

2.67E-6 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 121 deg C; [ICSC]

Flammability (NFPA)

1: Must be preheated

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Contact Dermatitis, Photoirritant

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: