Agent Name

Anthracene

CAS Number

120-12-7

Formula

C14-H10

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Anthracen [German]; Anthracin; Green Oil; Paranaphthalene; Tetra Olive N2G; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Description

Colorless or yellow solid with weak aromatic odor; [HSDB] Pure form is colorless with violet fluorescence; If impure, is yellow with green fluorescence; [Merck Index] Colorless or yellow crystalline solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used to make dyestuffs (anthraquinone and alizarin dyes); Also used to make synthetic fibers and plastics and in semiconductor research; [HSDB] May be present in wood preservatives and pesticides; Occurs in coal tar volatiles, tobacco smoke, exhaust emissions, charcoal broiled meat smoke, edible oils, surface waters, waste waters, and lake sediments; [CHEMINFO]

Comments

A minor skin and respiratory tract irritant; [ICSC] Photosensitizing agent that may cause acute dermatitis; [HSDB] Minimal Risk Level (oral dose for 15-364 days) = 10 mg/kg/day (hepatic); [ATSDR] An irritant; May cause photosensitization; Effects in high-dose animal studies include fatty liver degeneration; [MSDSonline] See "POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

2.67E-6 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 121 deg C; [ICSC]

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Contact Dermatitis, Photoirritant

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: