Agent Name

Sodium chloroacetate

CAS Number

3926-62-3

Formula

C2-H3-Cl-O2.Na

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Chloroacetic acid sodium salt; Chloroctan sodny [Czech]; Dow defoliant; Monoxone; SMA; SMCA; Sodium monochloracetate; Sodium monochloroacetate; Acetic acid, 2-chloro-, sodium salt (1:1); [ChemIDplus] UN2659

Category

Organic Acids, Metal Salts

Description

White, odorless, solid; [Hawley] White powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used to make herbicides, dyes, and pharmaceuticals; A defoliant; [Hawley]

Comments

An eye and respiratory tract irritant; Toxic by ingestion or by inhalation after spraying; "The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system and cardiovascular system, resulting in convulsions, cardiac disorders and kidney impairment." [ICSC] Toxic to the liver in high-dose, animal-feeding studies; [AIHA] Highly toxic by inhalation, ingestion, and skin absorption; [CAMEO] An irritant; Effects in high-dose animal studies include convulsions and coma; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
WEEL

2.5 mg/m3

Vapor Pressure

0.86 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: