Agent Name

Trichloroacetonitrile

CAS Number

545-06-2

Formula

C2-Cl3-N

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

Cyanotrichloromethane; Nitrile trichloracetique [French]; Trichlor-acetonitril [German]; Trichlormethylkyanid [Czech]; Trichloroethanenitrile; Trichloromethyl cyanide; Trichloromethylnitrile; Trichlouracetonitril [Dutch]; Tritox; Acetonitrile, 2,2,2-trichloro-; Acetonitrile, trichloro-; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Nitriles

Description

Clear pale yellow liquid; [CAMEO] Colorless liquid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as an insecticide; [Merck Index]

Comments

Toxic by inhalation, ingestion, and skin absorption; [eChemPortal: ESIS] A strong skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; A lachrymator; [CAMEO] An irritant; Can be absorbed through skin; Effects in high-dose animal studies include lacrimation; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

74.1 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) = 250 ppm/4h

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 165.5 deg F; [CAMEO]

Adverse Effects
Lacrimator

Yes

Other Poison

Chemical Asphyxiant

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: