Agent Name

N,N-Dimethylethanolamine

Alternative Name

Deanol

CAS Number

108-01-0

Formula

C4-H11-N-O

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

Deanol; (2-Hydroxyethyl)dimethylamine; 2-(Dimethylamino)-1-ethanol; 2-(N,N-Dimethylamino)ethanol; 2-Dimethylaminoethanol; 2-Dwumetyloaminoetanolu [Polish]; Amietol M 21; Bimanol; DMAE; DMEA; Deanol; Dimethyl(2-hydroxyethyl)amine; Dimethyl(hydroxyethyl)amine; Dimethylaethanolamin [German]; Dimethylaminoaethanol [German]; Dimethylaminoethanol; Dimethylethanolamine; Dimethylmonoethanolamine; Ethanol, 2-(dimethylamino)-; Kalpur P; Liparon; N,N-Dimethyl-2-aminoethanol; N,N-Dimethyl-2-hydroxyethylamine; N,N-Dimethyl-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)amine; N,N-Dimethyl-N-(beta-hydroxyethyl)amine; N,N-Dimethylaminoethanol; N,N-Dimethylethanolamine; N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)dimethylamine; N-Dimethylaminoethanol; Norcholine; Propamine A; Texacat DME; Varesal; beta-Dimethylaminoethyl alcohol; beta-Hydroxyethyldimethylamine; [ChemIDplus] UN2051; UN2920

Category

Ethanolamines

Description

A clear colorless liquid with a fishlike odor; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

Used as a curing agent for polyurethanes and epoxy resins; used as a chemical intermediate for pharmaceuticals, dyes, corrosion inhibitors, and emulsifiers; also used as an additive to boiler water, paint removers, and amino resins; [HSDB] Has been used therapeutically as a CNS stimulant; [Merck Index # 2843]

Comments

Corrosive to skin; [Quick CPC] Asthma reported in spray painter; [Malo] Heavy inhalation exposure may cause pulmonary edema; [ICSC] Corrosive substance that may cause asthma and permanent eye injury; [CAMEO]

Reference Link

Dimethyl ethanolamine-induced asthma

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

3.18 mm Hg

Odor Threshold Low

0.01 ppm

Odor Threshold High

0.06 ppm

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 1,641 ppm/4h

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 105 deg F; Odor threshold from CHEMINFO;

Reference Link

ICSC: 2-Dimethylaminoethanol

Adverse Effects
Asthma

Yes

Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: