Agent Name

Copper(I) bromide

Alternative Name

Cuprous bromide

CAS Number

7787-70-4

Formula

Br-Cu

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Copper bromide (CuBr); Copper monobromide; Copper(1+) bromide; Cuprous bromide; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

White solid; Becomes green to dark-blue on sunlight exposure; Slightly soluble in cold water; Decomposed by hot water; [Merck Index] Powder; Isoluble in water; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used as a polymerization catalyst; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin, eye, and upper respiratory tract irritant; [HSDB] Acute copper poisoning after ingestion can cause liver injury, methemoglobinemia, and hemolytic anemia. Acute renal failure may result, secondary to massive hemoglobinuria. [Goldfrank, p. 1259] A skin and strong eye irritant; Targets the lungs and liver; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] See "Bromine." See "Copper."

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

1 mg/m3, as Cu

PEL (OSHA)

1 mg/m3, as Cu

MAK

0.01 mg/m3, respirable fraction (Cu, inorganic cmpnds)

IDLH (NIOSH)

100 mg/m3, as Cu

Explanatory Notes

mp = 492 deg C; [MSDSonline]

Adverse Effects
Anemia

Anemia, Hemolytic

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Other Information

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