Agent Name

Copper(II) bromide

Alternative Name

Cupric bromide

CAS Number

7789-45-9

Formula

Br2-Cu

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Copper bromide; Copper dibromide; Cupric bromide; [ChemIDplus] Cupric bromide, anhydrous; [CAMEO] UN3260

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Almost black, deliquescent solid; Very soluble in water; [HSDB] Below 29 deg C, the green tetrahydrate forms; [Ullmann] Black, odorless, hygroscopic crystalline powder; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used as an intensifier in photography, brominating agent in organic synthesis, humidity indicator, wood preservative, electrolyte in batteries, stabilizer for acetylated polyformaldehyde, in metal machining, removing lead from gasoline, copying processes, and sulfur extraction of oil; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; May cause serious eye injury; [CAMEO] Acute copper poisoning after ingestion can cause liver injury, methemoglobinemia, and hemolytic anemia. Acute renal failure may result, secondary to massive hemoglobinuria. [Goldfrank, p. 1259] Causes burns; Inhalation may cause corrosive injuries to upper respiratory tract and lungs; Harmful by ingestion; [Alfa Aesar MSDS] See "Bromine." See "Copper."

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

1 mg/m3, as Cu

PEL (OSHA)

1 mg/m3, as Cu

MAK

0.01 mg/m3, respirable fraction (Cu, inorganic cmpnds)

IDLH (NIOSH)

100 mg/m3, as Cu

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Corrosive solid, acidic, inorganic, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Anemia

Anemia, Hemolytic

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: