Agent Name

Copper(II) formate

Alternative Name

Cupric formate

CAS Number

544-19-4

Formula

C-H2-O2.1/2Cu

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Cupric formate; Copper formate; Copper formate (VAN); Cupric diformate; Formic acid copper(2+) salt; Formic acid, copper(2+) salt (1:1); Tubercuprose; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Powder-blue, turquoise, or royal blue solid; [Merck Index] Soluble in water; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as antibacterial agent in cellulose materials; [Merck Index]

Comments

May cause irritation to the skin; May cause conjunctivitis to the eyes; Inhalation may lead to nasal congestion; [CAMEO] Acute copper poisoning after ingestion can cause liver injury, methemoglobinemia, and hemolytic anemia. Acute renal failure may result, secondary to massive hemoglobinuria. [Goldfrank, p. 1259] See "Copper."

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

1 mg/m3, as Cu

PEL (OSHA)

1 mg/m3, as Cu

MAK

0.01 mg/m3, respirable fraction (Cu, inorganic cmpnds)

IDLH (NIOSH)

100 mg/m3, as Cu

Adverse Effects
Anemia

Anemia, Hemolytic

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: