Agent Name

Cetrimide bromide

CAS Number

57-09-0

Formula

C19-H42-N.Br

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

(1-Hexadecyl)trimethylammonium bromide; 1-Hexadecanaminium, N,N,N-trimethyl-, bromide; Acetoquat CTAB;Bromat; Bromat (VAN); Bromure de cetrimonium; Bromure de cetrimonium [INN-French]; Bromuro de cetrimonio; Bromuro de cetrimonio [INN-Spanish]; Cee dee Centimide; Cetab; Cetaflon; Cetarol; Cetavlon; Cetavlon bromide; Cetrimide; Cetrimide bp; Cetrimonii bromidum; Cetrimonii bromidum [INN-Latin]; Cetrimonio bromuro; Cetrimonio; bromuro [DCIT]; Cetrimonium bromide; Cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide; Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide; Cirrasol OD; Cirrasol-OD; Ctmab; Cycloton V; Hexadecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide; Hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide; Lauroseptol; Lissolamin V; Lissolamine; Lissolamine A; Lissolamine V (VAN); Mical; Micol; Micol (VAN); N,N,N-Trimethyl-1-hexadecanaminium bromide; N,N,N-Trimethylcetylammonium bromide; N-Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide; N-Hexadecyl-N,N,N-trimethylammonium bromide; N-Hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide; Palmityltrimethyl ammonium bromide; Pollacid Quamonium; Softex KW; Suticide; Trimethylcetylammonium bromide; Trimethylhexadecylammonium bromide; n-Hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Quaternary Amines

Description

White powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Quarternary ammonium compounds are used as algaecides/slimicides (swimming pools, industrial water reservoirs, and farm ponds), antiseptcis for cleaning wounds, antistatic agents for textiles, softeners for paper products, and pigment dispersers; [IPCS-PIMs]

Comments

Corrosive to skin and eyes; May cause skin sensitization; [eChemPortal: ERMA] Allergic contact dermatitis is infrequently documented; [Marks, p. 266] Quaternary ammonium compounds have curare-like properties when concentrated solutions are ingested; Affected patients may have methemoglobinemia and hemolysis and die within 1-3 hours; Elevated liver function tests were reported; Concentrated solutions can cause burns; No data on carcinogenicity or teratogenicity; [IPCS-PIMs]

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: