Agent Name

Cadmium cyanide

CAS Number

542-83-6

Formula

C2-Cd-N2

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Cadmium dicyanide; Cadmium cyanide (Cd(CN)2); [ChemIDplus] UN2570

Category

Cadmium Compounds, Inorganic

Description

White solid; Slightly soluble in water (1.71 g/100mL at 15 deg C); [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

Used in copper bright electroplating; [Merck Index]

Comments

Stable when stored in the absence of air and moisture; [Ullmann] Very toxic; [MSDSonline] See "CYANIDES." See "Cadmium" and the linked diseases.

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Cd in urine = 5 ug/g creatinine; Cd in blood = 5 ug/L; sampling time not critical; "Monitoring in blood should be preferred during the initial year of exposure and whenever changes in the degree of exposure are suspected." [ACGIH]

Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

Bioaccumulates

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.01 mg/m3, as Cd ( 0.002 mg/m3, as Cd, respirable fraction)

PEL (OSHA)

0.005 mg/m3, as Cd, see 29 CFR 1910.1027

MAK

2 mg/m3, inhalable fraction, as CN

IDLH (NIOSH)

9 mg/m3, as Cd

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Cadmium compound."

Adverse Effects
Other Poison

Chemical Asphyxiant

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: