Agent Name

Diethyl carbonate

CAS Number

105-58-8

Formula

C5-H10-O3

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

Carbonic acid diethyl ester; Carbonic ether; Diaethylcarbonat [German]; Diatol; Diethylester kyseliny uhlicite [Czech]; Diethylkarbonat [Czech]; Ethoxyformic anhydride; Ethyl carbonate; Ethyl carbonate ((EtO)2CO); Eufin; [ChemIDplus] UN2366

Category

Esters (<C12)

Description

Colorless liquid; [Hawley]

Sources/Uses

Used as a solvent (nitrocellulose, cellulose ethers, and resins) and for organic synthesis; [HSDB]

Comments

A dangerous fire risk; [Hawley] An eye and respiratory tract irritant; [ICSC] High concentrations can cause eye and respiratory tract irritation and loss of consciousness; [CAMEO] An irritant; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

10.8 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: