Agent Name

p-Cymene

CAS Number

99-87-6

Formula

C10-H14

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

1-Isopropyl-4-methylbenzene; 1-Methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)benzene; 1-Methyl-4-isopropylbenzene; 2-p-Tolylpropane; 4-Cymene; 4-Cymol; 4-Isopropyl-1-methylbenzene; 4-Isopropyltoluene; 4-Isopropyltoluol; 4-Methyl-1-isopropylbenzene; 4-Methylisopropylbenzene; Benzene, 1-isopropyl-4-methyl-; Benzene, 1-methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)-; Camphogen; Cumene, p-methyl-; Dolcymene; Paracymene; Para-cymene; Paracymol; p-Cymol; p-Isopropylmethylbenzene; p-Isopropyltoluene; p-Methylcumene; p-Methylisopropylbenzene; [ChemIDplus] UN2046

Category

Aromatic Solvents

Description

Colorless liquid with a mild pleasant odor; [HSDB]

Sources/Uses

Occurs in essential oils; [Merck Index] Used in heat-exchange media, metal polishes, and thinners for lacquers/varnishes; Also used to make para-cresol, carvacrol, and synthetic resins; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin and eye irritant; Defats the skin; [ICSC]; A mild skin and eye irritant; [CAMEO] A skin and eye irritant; [eChemPortal: ERMA] An irritant; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

1.46 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Cymenes."

Flammability (NFPA)

2: High ambient temperature required

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: