Agent Name

Fumaric acid

CAS Number

110-17-8

Formula

C4-H4-O4

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

2-Butenedioic acid; 1,2-Ethenedicarboxylic acid, trans-; 1,2-Ethylenedicarboxylic acid, (E); 2-Butenedioic acid, (E)-; Allomaleic acid; Allomalenic acid; Boletic acid; Butenedioic acid, (E)-; Kyselina fumarova [Czech]; Lichenic acid; Lichenic acid (VAN); NSC-2752; Tumaric acid; U-1149; trans-1,2-Ethylenedicarboxylic acid; trans-Butenedioic acid; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Organic Acids

Description

Colorless or white odorless solid; [HSDB] White crystalline solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

An essential biochemical in the cellular respiration of plants and animals; [Merck Index] Used as a fortifier (paper size resins, unsaturated polyester resins, and alkyd surface coating resins), food antioxidant, dye mordant, and medication; Also used in dentifrices (stain remover) and to make other chemicals; [HSDB] Used in rosin esters and adducts, drying oils, printing inks, and foods (acidulant and flavoring agent); [Hawley]

Comments

A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; [ICSC] A skin, eye, nose, and throat irritant; [HSDB] An eye irritant; [eChemPortal: ERMA; ESIS] A mild skin and moderate eye irritant based on animal studies; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.000154 mm Hg

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Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: