Agent Name

Iodine monochloride

CAS Number

7790-99-0

Formula

Cl-I

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Chlorine iodide (ClI); Iodine chloride (ICl); Iodochlorine; Protochlorure d'iode [French]; Wijs' chloride; [ChemIDplus] UN1792

Category

Halogenated Aliphatics, Saturated

Description

Black solid or reddish-brown liquid; Solid occurs as alpha (mp = 27.2 deg C) and beta (mp = 13.9 deg C) forms; Soluble in water; [Merck Index] Black crystalline solid with an acrid odor; Insoluble in water; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used in analytical chemistry and as a topical antimicrobial agent; [Merck Index] Used in organic synthesis; [Hawley]

Comments

Reacts with air forming iodine pentoxide; Causes skin burns; [Merck Index] A strong skin and eye irritant; [Hawley] Reacts with water evolving heat and toxic and corrosive fumes; Exposure may cause severe injury, burns, or death; [CAMEO] Corrosive to skin and eyes; [eChemPortal: ERMA] A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; [MSDSonline]

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

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