Agent Name

Cadmium chloride hydrate

CAS Number

7790-78-5

Formula

Cd-Cl2.5/2H2-O

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Cadmium chloride hemipentahydrate; Cadmium chloride hydrate (1:2.5); Cadmium chloride pentahydrate; Cadmium chloride, hydrate (2:5); [ChemIDplus] UN2570

Category

Cadmium Compounds, Inorganic

Description

Efflorescent solid; [Merck Index] White odorless powder; mp = 34 deg C; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used in photography, textile dyeing, galvanoplasty, mirror manufacturing, lubricants, fungicides, pyrotechnics, and electroplating; [Merck Index] Used in tinning solution and to make cadmium sulfide (cadmium yellow); [Hawley]

Comments

An irritant; Very toxic by inhalation or ingestion; Oral LD50 (rat) = 665 mg/kg; A reproductive toxin in animal experiments; [MSDSonline] See "Cadmium" and the linked diseases.

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Cd in urine = 5 ug/g creatinine; Cd in blood = 5 ug/L; sampling time not critical; "Monitoring in blood should be preferred during the initial year of exposure and whenever changes in the degree of exposure are suspected." [ACGIH]

Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

Bioaccumulates

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.01 mg/m3, as Cd ( 0.002 mg/m3, as Cd, respirable fraction)

PEL (OSHA)

0.005 mg/m3, as Cd, see 29 CFR 1910.1027

IDLH (NIOSH)

9 mg/m3, as Cd

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Cadmium compound."

Adverse Effects
Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: