Agent Name

Cadmium hydroxide

CAS Number

21041-95-2

Formula

Cd-H2-O2

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Cadmium dihydroxide; Cadmium hydroxide [Cadmium and cadmium compounds]; [ChemIDplus] UN2570

Category

Cadmium Compounds, Inorganic

Description

White solid; Absorbs carbon dioxide from air; [Hawley] White powder; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

Used in cadmium plating and in storage battery electrodes; [Hawley] Use is highly restricted in the EU; [eChemPortal: ESIS: EDEXIM] Used in nickel-cadmium accumulators and silver-cadmium batteries; [Ullmann]

Comments

An irritant; May be harmful by inhalation, skin absorption, or ingestion; [MSDSonline] See "Cadmium" and the linked diseases.

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Cd in urine = 5 ug/g creatinine; Cd in blood = 5 ug/L; sampling time not critical; "Monitoring in blood should be preferred during the initial year of exposure and whenever changes in the degree of exposure are suspected." [ACGIH]

Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

Bioaccumulates

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.01 mg/m3, as Cd ( 0.002 mg/m3, as Cd, respirable fraction)

PEL (OSHA)

0.005 mg/m3, as Cd, see 29 CFR 1910.1027

IDLH (NIOSH)

9 mg/m3, as Cd

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Cadmium compound."

Adverse Effects
Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: