Agent Name

Cadmium iodide

CAS Number

7790-80-9

Formula

Cd-I2

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Cadmium diiodide; Cadmium iodide (CdI2); [ChemIDplus] UN2570

Category

Cadmium Compounds, Inorganic

Description

White odorless solid; Turns yellow on contact with air and light; [Hawley] Light green odorless powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used in photography, process engraving, lithography, analytical chemistry, and electroplating; Also used as in lubricants, phosphors, and nematocides; [Hawley] Used for cadmium electrodeposition and in photoconductors; [Merck Index] Use is highly restricted in the EU; [eChemPortal: ESIS: EDEXIM]

Comments

An irritant; Danger of cumulative effects after ingestion or inhalation; Oral LD50 (rat) = 222 mg/kg; [MSDSonline] See "Cadmium" and the linked diseases.

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Cd in urine = 5 ug/g creatinine; Cd in blood = 5 ug/L; sampling time not critical; "Monitoring in blood should be preferred during the initial year of exposure and whenever changes in the degree of exposure are suspected." [ACGIH]

Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

Bioaccumulates

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.01 mg/m3, as Cd ( 0.002 mg/m3, as Cd, respirable fraction) [0.01 ppm, inhalable fraction and vapor (iodides)]

PEL (OSHA)

0.005 mg/m3, as Cd, see 29 CFR 1910.1027

IDLH (NIOSH)

9 mg/m3, as Cd

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Cadmium compound."

Adverse Effects
Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

Activities

Activities with risk of exposure: