Agent Name

Cadmium sulfate hydrate

CAS Number

7790-84-3

Formula

O4-S.Cd.8/3H2-O

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Cadmium sulfate hydrate (3:8); Cadmium sulfate octahydrate; Cadmium sulphate octahydrate; Sulfuric acid, cadmium salt, hydrate; Cadmium sulfate (1:1) hydrate (3:8); [ChemIDplus] UN2570

Category

Cadmium Compounds, Inorganic

Description

Colorless odorless solid; [Hawley] Fine white crystals; [MSDSonline] Loses water when heated to >40 deg C and forms monohydrate when heated to >80 deg C; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

Used in electrodeposition (cadmium, copper, and nickel), phosphors, catalysts, nematocides, fungicides, bactericides, lubricants, and Weston cell electrolytes; [Merck Index] Used in pigments and electroplating; [Hawley]

Comments

May cause irritation; Cadmium compounds are carcinogenic and may cause damage to kidneys and lungs; [MSDSonline] See "Cadmium" and the linked diseases.

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Cd in urine = 5 ug/g creatinine; Cd in blood = 5 ug/L; sampling time not critical; "Monitoring in blood should be preferred during the initial year of exposure and whenever changes in the degree of exposure are suspected." [ACGIH]

Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

Bioaccumulates

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.01 mg/m3, as Cd ( 0.002 mg/m3, as Cd, respirable fraction)

PEL (OSHA)

0.005 mg/m3, as Cd, see 29 CFR 1910.1027

IDLH (NIOSH)

9 mg/m3, as Cd

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Cadmium compound."

Adverse Effects
Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: