Agent Name

Thiuram mix

Major Category

Plastics & Rubber

Synonyms

Dipentamethylenethiuram disulfide; PTD; Robac PTD; Tetraethylthiuram disulfide; Abstenisil; Abstinyl; Antabuse; Antadix; Antiethanol; Contralin; Cronetal; Disulfiram; Etabus; Ethyl Thiurad; Noxal; Ro-Sulfiram; Robac TET; Stopetyl; TETD; Tetradine; Thiuranide; Tetramethylthiuram disulfide; Arasan; Fernasan; Nomersan; Pomarsal; Puralin; Rezifilm; Tersan; Thiosan; Thiurad; Thiuramyl; Thylate; Tiuramyl; TMTD; Thiram; Tuads; Tulisan; Tetramethylthiuram monosulfide; TMTM; [Marks, p. 130]

Category

Rubber Additives

Sources/Uses

Used as accelerators in rubber manufacturing; [Marks] Thiurams accelerate vulcanization whereby rubber is heated and combined with sulfur to increase cross-linking; [PMID 22513655]

Comments

Dipentamethylenethiuram disulfide (PTD) CAS # 94-37-1 Tetraethylthiuram disulfide (TETD) CAS # 97-77-8 (Antabuse) Tetramethylthiuram disulfide (TMTD) CAS # 137-26-8 Tetramethylthiuram monosulfide. (TMTM) CAS # 97-74-5 Thiurams are used mainly as rubber accelerators. In North America, they are the most common sensitizers of the rubber additives. Sensitization is usually from shoes, gloves, adhesives, condoms, rubber pillows, sheets, and clothing. Some of the thiurams are used as various pesticides, and some are used in plastics, putty, disinfectants, and adhesives. If patients have foot dermatitis and are thiuram mix sensitive, then it is probably from the shoes; If patients have hand dermatitis and are positive for thiuram mix, then they should avoid latex gloves or acquire thiuram-free gloves; Rubber chemicals in gloves are one of the allergens of hairdressers. [Marks, p. 129-32, 326] See "PTD," "TETD," "TMTD," and "TMTM."

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

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