Agent Name

Zirconium tetrachloride

CAS Number

10026-11-6

Formula

Cl4-Zr

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Tetrachlorozirconium; Zirconium chloride; Zirconium chloride (ZrCl4); Zirconium chloride, tetra-; Zirconium(IV) chloride (1:4); Zirconium chloride, (T-4)-; [ChemIDplus] UN2503

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Very hygroscopic lustrous solid; Decomposed by water; [Merck Index] White powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used in catalysts and reagents and to make water-repellent textiles, leather, and other zirconium compounds; [HSDB] Used as a chemical reagent and to make high-temperature fuel cells, zirconium nitride coatings, and zirconium organometallic compounds; [Ullmann]

Comments

Produces hydrogen chloride vapor on exposure to moisture; [Merck Index] A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; Inhalation may cause pulmonary edema; Reacts with water evolving heat, hydrogen chloride, and dense white clouds; [HSDB] Corrosive to skin and eyes; [eChemPortal: ERMA] Effects in high-dose animal studies include acute tubular necrosis; [MSDSonline] See "Zirconium."

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

5 mg/m3, as Zr

STEL (ACGIH)

10 mg/m3

PEL (OSHA)

5 mg/m3, as Zr (compounds)

IDLH (NIOSH)

25 mg/m3, as Zr

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: