Agent Name

Fluoromethane

Alternative Name

Methyl fluoride

CAS Number

593-53-3

Formula

C-H3-F

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

Methane, fluoro-; Methyl fluoride; [ChemIDplus] Freon 41; [MSDSonline] UN2454

Category

Chlorofluorocarbons

Description

Gas with a pleasant ether-like odor; [Merck Index] Colorless gas; [Hawley] Colorless gas with a sweet odor; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Hydrofluorocarbons are increasingly being used as substitutes for chlorofluorocarbons, e.g., refrigerants, propellants in aerosols, and blowing agents for foams; they do not deplete the ozone layer of the atmosphere. [Ullmann]

Comments

High concentrations have narcotic effects; [Hawley] Extremely flammable; Can form explosive mixtures with air; High concentrations have narcotic effects; In confined space spill, may displace air and act as simple asphyxiant; Evaporating liquid can cause frostbite; [CAMEO] May cause flash fire; Inhalation of high concentrations can cause CNS depression; Evaporating liquid can cause frostbite; [MSDSonline]

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Other Poison

Simple Asphyxiant

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: