Agent Name

Cesium chromate

CAS Number

13454-78-9

Formula

Cr-H2-O4.2Cs

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Cesium chromate (Cs2CrO4); Chromic acid (H2CrO4), cesium salt (1:2); Chromic acid (H2CrO4), dicesium salt; Dicesium chromate; [ChemIDplus] UN3087

Category

Chromium Compounds, Inorganic

Description

Yellow odorless powder; Soluble in water; [MSDSonline]

Comments

CrVI compounds are irritants, sensitizers, and may be corrosive to the skin. CrVI compounds are respiratory tract irritants and may cause pulmonary sensitization. CrVI may cause acute tubular necrosis and liver injury. [ATSDR Case Studies] May cause fire in contact with combustible material; A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; May cause skin sensitization; [MSDSonline] See "Chromium" and the linked diseases.

Exposure Assessment
BEI

For chromium (VI), water-soluble fume: Total Cr in urine = 10 ug/L (increase during shift) or 25 ug/L (end of shift at end of workweek)

Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

TLV (ACGIH)

0.05 mg/m3, as Cr

PEL (OSHA)

0.005 mg/m3, as Cr(VI)

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Oxidizing solid, toxic, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Asthma

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

IARC Carcinogen

Known Carcinogen

NTP Carcinogen

Human Carcinogen

ACGIH Carcinogen

Confirmed Human

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: