Agent Name

Acacia

Alternative Name

Gum arabic

CAS Number

9000-01-5

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

Acacia dealbata gum; Acacia gum; Acacia senegal; Acacia senegal resin; Acacia solution; Acacia syrup; Acacia verek resin; Arabic gum; Australian gum; Gum Dragon; Gum acacia; Gum arabic (Acacia senegal (L.) Willd.); Gum arabicum; Gum ovaline; Gum senegal; Indian gum; Senegal gum; Starsol No. 1; Wattle gum; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Vegetable Gums

Description

Solid; [Merck Index] Colorless, white, or yellowish-brown solid with practically no odor; [HSDB] Beige powder; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Permitted for use as an inert ingredient in non-food pesticide products; [EPA] The dried gummy exudate from dried stems and branches of African Acacia species; [Merck Index] Used as an emulsifier, stabilizer, flavor fixative, retarder of sugar crystallization in foods, protective colloid in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and inks, excipient for tablets, binder in matches, in water color manufacture, in adhesives, and in textile printing; [HSDB] Gum arabic (acacia gum) is used in lithographic printing. [Wikopedia]

Comments

Occupational asthma reported in printer; [Malo] A complex and highly branched carbohydrate polymer; A skin, eye, mucous membrane, and upper respiratory tract irritant; A weak allergen that may cause local contact dermatitis and respiratory symptoms on inhalation of dust; [NTP] Acceptable daily intake (ADI) "Not limited except for good manufactuing practice." [JECFA] May cause irritation; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Adverse Effects
Asthma

Yes

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