Agent Name

Lithium perchlorate

CAS Number

7791-03-9

Formula

Cl-H-O4.Li

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Perchloric acid, lithium salt; [ChemIDplus] UN1481

Category

Perchlorates

Description

Colorless deliquescent solid; [Hawley] Colorless or white odorless solid; Hygroscopic; [CHEMINFO] White lumps; [MSDSonline] Crystallizes from solution as the trihydrate; Converts to the anhydrous form at 130-150 deg C; [Ullmann]

Sources/Uses

Used for solid rocket propellants; [Hawley] Used as oxidizing agent; [Merck Index] Used in lithium-nickel sulfide dry batteries; [CHEMINFO]

Comments

Risk of fire and explosion if contact with organic substances; A skin and mucous membrane irritant; [Hawley] An oxidizing agent that may cause fire on contact with combustible materials; An irritant; [MSDSonline] See "Lithium." See "PERCHLORATES."

Exposure Assessment
Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Perchlorates, inorganic, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: