Agent Name

Phenylmercuric hydroxide

CAS Number

100-57-2

Formula

C6-H6-Hg-O

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Hydroxyphenylmercury; Mersolite 1; Phenyl hydroxymercury; Phenylmercury hydroxide; Mercury, hydroxyphenyl-; [ChemIDplus] UN1894

Category

Metals, Organic Compounds

Description

White to cream-colored solid; [Hawley] Sparingly soluble in water; [Ullmann]

Sources/Uses

Used to make phenylmercuric salts and organic mercury derivatives; Also used as a fungicide, germicide, and to denature alcohol; [Hawley] Banned in the EU for use as pesticide for plant protection; Severely restricted for use as other pesticide including biocide; [eChemPortal: ESIS] Used to make fungicides and disinfectants; Used as a preservative in cosmetics--German laws permit a concentration of 0.007%; [Ullmann]

Comments

Causes burns; [eChemPortal: ESIS] May be fatal by inhalation, skin absorption, or ingestion; May cause irritation; Targets nerves; [MSDSonline] See "Mercury, aryl compounds" and linked occupational diseases.

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.1 mg/m3, as Hg

PEL (OSHA)

0.1 mg/m3, as Hg

IDLH (NIOSH)

10 mg/m3, as Hg

Vapor Pressure

8.32E-5 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Sensorimotor Neuropathy

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: