Agent Name

Lithium hypochlorite

CAS Number

13840-33-0

Formula

Cl-O.Li

Major Category

Other Uses

Synonyms

Lithium chloride oxide; Lithium oxychloride; Hypochlorous acid, lithium salt; Lithium hypochlorite [Hypochlorite salts]; Lithium hypochlorite, dry or lithium hypochlorite mixtures, dry; [ChemIDplus] UN1471

Category

Biocides/Disinfectants

Description

White solid with an odor of chlorine; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

Used to control algae, bacteria, and mildew in swimming pools, hot tubs, and spas; Also used as sanitizer for food processing and preparation equipment and utensils; [Reference #1]

Comments

10% solution in saline did not cause skin sensitization in guinea pigs; Developmental study of rats produced maternal and developmental LOAELs both equal to 500 mg/kg/day; [Reference #1] A strong oxidizing agent; Slowly decomposed by water evolving chlorine gas; An irritant; [CAMEO] Minor developmental abnormalities (delayed ossification and wavy ribs) observed in rats at doses maternally toxic; [REPROTOX] Causes degenerative changes to brain in oral toxic-dose study of rats; [RTECS] An oxidizer; Causes burns; Inhalation may cause corrosive injuries to upper respiratory tract and lungs; Targets CNS and lungs; May pose a reproductive hazard; [Aldrich MSDS] See "Lithium." See "Hypochlorous acid."

Reference Link

EPA Pesticide Chemical Search

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: