Agent Name

Tributyltin benzoate

Alternative Name

TBTB

CAS Number

4342-36-3

Formula

C19-H32-O2-Sn

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

TBTB; 611; Benzoyloxytributylstannane; Biomet 11; Stannane, benzoyloxytributyl-; Tin, (benzoyloxy)tributyl-; Tin, tributyl-, benzoate; Tri-n-butyl-zinn benzoate [German]; Tri-n-butyltin benzoate; Tributylstannyl benzoate; Tris(n-butyl)tin benzoate; Benzoic acid, tributylstannyl ester; [ChemIDplus] UN2788

Category

Tin Compounds, Organic

Description

Clear liquid; [Gelest MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used as fungicide, disinfectant, algicide, microbiocide, and microbiostat for building materials (drywall, joint compound MDF board, and particulate board), building material adhesives, and adhesives for other manufacturing applications; Tributyltin products are also used in petrochemical injection fluids, metal working fluids, irrigation tubing for non-agricultural uses, rubber for sonar domes, and instruments for oceanographic observations; [Reference #1]

Comments

A severe skin irritant in rabbits; [Reference #1] A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; Severe dermatitis and skin burns have been reported in occupationally exposed individuals; [INCHEM] Maternal (increased post-implantation loss, total litter resorptions, and decreased number of litters) and developmental (visceral and skeletal abnormalities) effects observed in rats administered by gavage on days 6-15 of gestation at doses greater than or equal to 4.5 mg/kg; [ToxPlanet: Cal/EPA] A severe eye irritant; May cause skin and respiratory tract irritation and irritant contact dermatitis, and symptoms may be delayed for hours; Can be absorbed through skin; [Gelest MSDS] See "Bis(tri-n-butyltin)oxide."

Restricted

Registration cancelled in 2005 for tributyltin ship hull coatings; International ban effective as of September 2008; [EPA RED]

Reference Link

EPA Pesticide Chemical Search

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.1 mg/m3, as Sn

STEL (ACGIH)

0.2 mg/m3, as Sn

PEL (OSHA)

0.1 mg/m3, as Sn

MAK

0.02 mg/m3, inhalable fraction, as Sn

IDLH (NIOSH)

25 mg/m3, as Sn

Vapor Pressure

1.5E-6 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Organotin compound, liquid, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

ACGIH Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: