Agent Name

Gentisic acid

Alternative Name

2,5-Dihydroxybenzoic acid

CAS Number

490-79-9

Formula

C7-H6-O4

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

2,5-Dihydroxybenzoic acid; 2,5-DHBA; 2,5-Dioxybenzoic acid; 5-Hydroxysalicylic acid; Acide gentisique [INN-French]; Acido 2,5-diidrossibenzoico [Italian]; Acido gentisico [INN-Spanish]; Acidum gentisicum [INN-Latin]; Benzoic acid, 2,5-dihydroxy-; Gensigen; Gensigon; Gentisate; Hydroquinonecarboxylic acid; Kyselina 2,5-dihydroxybenzoova [Czech]; Kyselina gentisinova [Czech]; Salicylic acid, 5-hydroxy-; [ChemIDplus] DHB; [Aldrich MSDS]

Category

Other Aromatic Compounds

Description

Solid; [Merck Index] Light yellow crystals; [Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Excreted in urine of dogs following ingestion of salicylates; Used therapeutically (analgesic and anti-inflammatory); [Merck Index] An oxidative product of saligenin; [ChemIDplus] Used as an analgesic medicine; [Hawley]

Comments

Causes convulsions in intravenous lethal-dose studies of mice; [RTECS] A skin and strong eye irritant; Harmful by ingestion and skin absorption; Evidence of reproductive toxicity in experimental animals; [Aldrich MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

2.1E-6 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.